The Gospel of Luke is twenty-four chapters long. Like Mark, Luke is not an Apostle, but he was taught about Jesus by the Apostles. He was known to take care of Mary, the mother of Jesus. He was a physician by trade. Many scripture scholars believe that Luke was possibly writing to people of gentile origin while he himself being in depth of Hellenistic Jewish origin. The Gospel of Luke is the first volume of his works, he also wrote the Acts of the Apostles to the same person, Theophilus.
Luke narrates the birth of Jesus from a gentile perspective. His knowledge of such intimate events is one of the reasons we believe him to be the one to have taken care of Mary, the mother of Jesus. One such proof of this is the image of the Black Madonna. The Black Madonna is kept in Czestochowa, Poland. It is believed that St Luke himself painted this image as he was listening to Mary tell the stories of Jesus’ birth, life, death and resurrection. It was painted on the top of the table. It was part of the table itself. In 326 AD, St Helena, the mother of the Roman Emperor Constantine, found it in Jerusalem. It changed hands many times over the centuries and is now in Poland. Can you imagine the stories Mary would tell to Luke as he listens?
Only Matthew and Luke have the narrative story of the Birth of Jesus. Matthew stresses the importance of Jesus lineage through Joseph, his foster father. To Jewish people, this is their real heritage, adopted or not. But Luke uses the lineage of Mary and stresses her role in Jesus coming to us as man. Here is a hint when looking things up in the Bible. If there was something you were trying to remember of the story of Jesus’ birth and Mary is involved, it is probably in the Gospel of Luke. Since it deals with the birth of Jesus, it will be in the beginning of the book in Chapter One or Two. Since Joseph was inspired by the dream to take Jesus and Mary into Egypt, that story is in the Gospel of Matthew. So if the story involves Joseph, it is probably in the Gospel of Matthew.
Jesus is portrayed as much more compassionate and loving to those in need. Luke, Chapter Six gives a different account of the Beatitudes. Some think it may be a discrepancy with the account given in the Gospel of Matthew. But, these might actually be different events and Jesus is just repeating Himself like a teacher or politician might do, but using different words and emphasizing different realties. So, some biblical scholars may think there is an inherent contradiction within the four Gospel readings, when there really is not. Another example of this is the teaching of the Our Father which is in Luke, Chapter Eleven and in Matthew, Chapter Six. It might help to have a chart that lines up the various events with the references of them in each Gospel. It would not take much to find them on the internet. Some books may have it. There are all sorts of charts comparing the four different Gospels. They are great learning tools that can help you understand the background of what is going on and what is being conveyed.